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There are 1,000 of orchid species. Cattleya orchid is one of the most popular genus, because the flowers are large and colorful. Originated from a of southern !
In 1817, William Swainso found new varieties of plant in the country's Brazilian and sent discrimination (also sent to Sir.William Cattley).
In ..., Sir. William Cattleya grow this plants(orchid ) in his farms, until its flowering.
In 1824, John Lindley named this type of orchid, called "Cattleya John Lindley."
Cattleya orchid was well known widely. Because the flowers are large and color. For cut-flowers trade.and then, People began to be interested in Cattleya orchid, It become more popular. Cattleya was developed rapidly, some species formerly flower size 5 cm. Can breed new flower size, 15 cm. And has colorful orchid more vivid.
Cattleya orchids hybrid , Sometimes ftagrant flowers. Some of the most stunning orchids in cultivation are cattleyas.
Cattleya orchid is growing is Sympodial-type; Orchids are growing that grow sideways across the top of the pot. These orchids have a rhizome at the base usually put in horizontal, The bud at the base will begin growing anther rhizome. and then ,The rizome develops into a small plant or pseudobulb, and flower. When pseudobulbs have completely healthy, It will lose its leaves celled this pseudobulbs that "backbulb". It served store feed more years before it die.
Cattleya are epiphytes ; Growing on clinging to branches of trees. Roots orchids have thick roots covered with silver or white velamen. Which adsorb moisture and nutrients from the air such as Plalaenopsis Dendrobium etc.
Cattleya orchids are semi-aerial roots : Usually found on the rocks or the trees. Roots can be absorbed many water. it smaller aerial roots. Most roots inside the pot. But may have some roots emerge outside the pot. This orchid roots not like a tight pots or wet for too long, Which getting air not enough.
Generally, Put it in *
A bouquet of flowers Cattleya will balance at the end of the Rhizome, each flower, there may be only one or several flowers. (subject to wheels in some belts) the flowers Cattleya. Petals outside a 3 petals above 1 petals are downstairs 2 petals which are of equal size. And the petals are inside 3 petals petals on 2. Look alike, but the petals in below will look different, which is called " Lip" serves to lure insects
- Flower size about 5-15 cm.
- Dorsal Sepal : Rather narrow(than petals)
- Lateral Petal : *
- Lateral Sepal : Similar to each other.
- Lip : various marking and often frilly margin.
Flower stalk originates from a psrudbulb. The number of flowers varies; one two or up to ten in some species.
Generally, Leaves of Cattleya orchid will emerge from the pseudobulb, 1-2 ea depend on species. Usually the leaves will be apple green. If it's darker leaves might indicate too little light, and if yellow/brown leaves might indicate too much direct sunlight.
Temperature and Light.
Temperature 14 to 23 'C. (It can adapt.)
Light ; Cattleya orchids like bright light. but not to direct sunlight. They will not flower without plenty of light. If the leaves are dark green and floppy, the orchids is not getting enough light.
In Nature, the exposed roots of Cattleya dry out quickly after rain showers. That means their planting material must drain easily and dry out promptly. Their roots need lots of air or they will rot. The clay pebbles of our Hydroponic System are perfect for this!
Make sure system is completely dry before watering.
During the summer growing season, Cattleya orchids will drink a lot more water than other times of the year.
The Blooming Season
Most Cattleyas will bloom once a year, some more often. Flowers last 1-3 weeks. There is no single season when Cattleya flower. After the first flower opens, move plant away from hot sun to prolong the blooms.
These plants need direct sun and cool evening temperatures to develop flower buds. Winter evening temperatures of 55 degrees (or less) initiates the bloom cycle for most plants.
If your plant has been growing well for several years without producing a bloom, it's almost always too little light.
The Growing Season
Cattleyas tolerant as long as they get enough sun and not too much water. Cattleya orchids will thrive outside on the patio during the summer. When outside, always remember to protect your plants from the direct mid-day sunlight.
After Cattleyas finish blooming, they take a rest before the growing season starts. During this period, water sparingly by just running plain water through the pebbles (no nutrients). Don't allow standing water at the base. When you see new growth increase water to 1/4 - 1/2 on gauge and begin applying nutrients full strength. The growing season has begun!
Don't try to force new growth - these plants have their own internal calendars. Your plant could be dormant for several months before the growing season starts. Any questions? Read first sentence of this section again.
During the summer growing season Cattleya will drink a lot more water (2-3 times as much) than other times of the year.
Depend on species.